Recently, the NIRF ranking report was released by Rajkumar Ranjan Singh, Minister of State for External Affairs and Education. National Institute Ranking Framework(NIRF), is an annual ranking by the Union Ministry of Education that lists top universities and colleges in India, categorized by fields like Engineering, Medical, Pharmacy, Law, and Management ranking system began in 2015.

This ranking was launched for the first time in the country on 29 September 2015. This year is the 8th edition of NIRF. These are University, College, Engineering, Management, Pharmacy, Medical, Architecture, Law, Dental and Research and Innovation (ARIIA i.e. Atal Ranking of Institutions on Innovation Achievements). Initially, rankings were presented for only 4 categories – University, Engineering, Management and Pharmacy. Research was added for the first time in 2021. 200 engineering colleges are ranked in this list by the Government of India.

How NIRF is giving the rank to the Universities/Colleges?
 

The institutes themselves apply to the Ministry of Education for NIRF ranking. This number has increased with time. 6,272 schools, universities, and other educational institutions from all over the nation submitted applications for this ranking last year, 4,030 were unique applications. In which 1,657 applications were received for overall category, 1143 for engineering, 659 for management, 351 for pharmacy, 120 for law, 111 for medical, 78 for architecture and 1802 applications were received in the general degree college category. The institutions that apply are examined by the team of the Ministry of Education on a total of 5 main parameters and 16 sub-parameters. Different teams visit institution and evaluate them on the basis of fixed standards after this a score is given to that institute. Ranking is determined on the basis of this score only. Know what are those parameters?

 

NIRF Ranking Parameters 2023

1.Teaching, Learning and Resources (TLR) There are 4 sub parameters under this. First – Number of students which also includes PhD students. Second – The ratio of the number of faculty to students, in which emphasis is on permanent faculty. Third – Teachers with PhD and experience. Fourth – What are the economic resources, how much are they and how are they being used?

2.Research and Professional Practice (RP) – This also has four sub-parameters. First – how many articles or studies were released. Second – What is the quality of those published research works. Third – How many IPRs and patents have been made – how many were published and how many were granted. Fourth – Footprints of professional practice and projects

3.Graduation Outcome (GO) – Under this, evaluation is done on two sub-parameters. First – University Exams. Second – number of PhD graduates from the institution.
4.Outreach and Inclusivity (OI) – There are 5 sub-parameters under this.

  • The quantity or percentage of pupils who are from other states or nations.

  • The proportion of female/girl students at the institution.

  • Number of economically and socially backward students.

  • Facilities available in the institute for disabled students.

  • Opinion/perception among students and other stakeholders about the institution.

5.Peer Perception- In this, the opinion or perception about the institution is examined only among the academic colleagues and employers.
 

Why NIRF Ranking 2023 is in such headlines?
 

There are many reasons for this, one of the special reasons is that when the ranking list came out, we saw something which we did not expect like there are so many colleges and universities which high ranking in QS rankings system and just opposite in NIRF ranking system like whose rank is 1st in QS ranking you find that particular college or institute at lower level in NIRF same like IIT BOMBAY in the below chart. People also found that those whose ranking is high in NIRF ranking system somehow they are providing less amount of placements and those whose ranking is less they providing high placements it seems that NIRF can do anything what they want for the different colleges and universities, following no rules and regulation at all this kinds of thing make more controversy about NIRF ranking system amongst the people and pupils here.

NO
QS RANKING
NIRF RANKING
1 IIT BOMBAY IISC BANGALORE
2 IIT DELHI IIT DELHI
3 IISC BANGALORE IIT BOMBAY


It seems opposite in NIRF ranking.

IIT MADRAS is in 6th rank of QS ranking, whereas it is occurred 1st rank NIRF ranking.
IIIT HYDERABAD ranked 55th and IIIT BANGALORE is 74th in NIRF, whose average placement is 32 lacs and 24 lacs,

 Whereas some are offering a much lower package of below 10 lacs whose rank is higher like:

Rank
Name Of The University by NIRF
11th VELLORE INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY (VIT UNIVERSITY)
13TH ANNA UNIVERSITY ( ANNA UNIVERSITY)
19TH AMRITA VISHWA VIDYAPEETHAM (AMRITA UNIVERSITY)
28TH SRM INSTITUTE OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY (SRM UNIVERSITY)
31ST AMITY UNIVERSITY ( AMITY)


We can also see that in the ranking of MBA Colleges

IMT NAGPUR ranked 43RD and IIM SAMBALPUR 58TH position in NIRF and placement is 17 to 18 lakh
Whereas the given below universities are:

Rank
Name of the colleges by NIRF
28th AMITY UNIVERSITY ( AMITY)
30th AMRITA VISHWA VIDYAPEETHAM (AMRITA UNIVERSITY)
32nd LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY (LPU UNIVERSITY)
36th CHANDIGARH UNIVERSITY
39th UNIVERSITY OF PETROLEUM AND ENERGY STUDIES(UPES UNIVERSITY)

This university’s ranking is very high and placement is only from 6-10 lakhs

 

Conclusion:
 

The controversy surrounding the NIRF rankings for 2023 stems from significant discrepancies between NIRF and other global ranking systems like QS. These differences arise due to varying methodologies and criteria used by different ranking organizations. Notably, institutions that perform well in one ranking system may not fare as well in another due to these differences. Additionally, concerns have been raised about the alignment of NIRF rankings with actual placement outcomes, with some highly ranked institutions providing fewer placements compared to lower-ranked ones. This controversy underscores the importance of taking a comprehensive view when assessing educational institutions and making educational choices, looking beyond rankings alone.
 

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